1. Salt water gargle
The effectiveness of salt at healing wounds has been understood since antiquity, when fishermen noticed that their injured hands healed with a little help from the sea. Gargling with warm salt water heals a sore throat in several ways: the heat increases blood flow to the area; the gargling action loosens mucus and flushes out bacteria; and the salt alkalizes and reduces inflammation. Add one teaspoon of sea salt to a cup of warm water, and gargle several times per day.
If the pain of a sore throat intensifies and is accompanied by a fever, white patches on the back of the throat, or enlarged lymph nodes, you may have strep throat. Although most cases improve within 3 to 5 days, strep throat is a highly infectious condition that may lead to health complications, especially in children. Use your best judgment about when it’s time to consult a doctor.